List of Engineering Colleges in Nepal

Until Tri-Chandra College was established in 1918, there was no higher education in Nepal. It was in 1959, the first university in Nepal, Tribhuwan University was established. For the next 26 years, until Mahendra Sanskrit University (established in 1985), Tribhuwan University was the only university in Nepal. Now, after monarchy is abolished in Nepal, Mahendra Sanskrit University is renamed Nepal Sanskrit University.

The democratic movement of Nepal opened way for private universities. The first private university in Nepal, Kathmandu University, was registered in 1990. It took 5-6 years more to establish Purbanchal Univeristy (1995) and Pokhara University (1996).

Then, more universities were established as the time passed. Now, there are almost a dozen universities in Nepal. Tribhuwan University is still the largest in Nepal, and tenth largest University in the world in terms of student enrolment. It offers 2,079 undergraduate and 2,000 postgraduate programs in it’s various campuses spread all over the country.

There are 11 universities so far (as of 2019)

  1. Tribhuan University, kirtipur
  2. Kathmandu University, Kathmandu
  3. Pokhara University, Pokhara
  4. Purbanchal University, Biratnagar
  5. Nepal Sanskrit University
  6. Lumbini Bouddha University
  7. Far – Western University, Kanchanpur
  8. Mid – Western University, Birendranagar
  9. Nepalgunj University, Nepalganj
  10. Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan
  11. Rajarsi Janak University, Janakpurdham

The engineering colleges in Nepal are:

  1. Kantipur Engineering College
  2. Himalaya College of Engineering
  3. Nepal Engineering College
  4. Kathmandu Engineering College
  5. Lumbini Engineering College
  6. Khwopa Engineering College
  7. Gandaki College of Engineering and Science
  8. Oxford College of Engineering and Management
  9. Pashchimanchal Campus
  10. Pokhara Engineering College
  11. Pulchowk Campus
  12. Eastern College of Engineering – Biratnagar
  13. Purbanchal University School of Engineering and Technology – Biratnagar
  14. Advance College of Engineering and Management
  15. Kathford Engineering College
  16. Aryan School of Engineering
  17. Universal Engineering and Science College
  18. National College of Engineering – Lalitpur

There are more  medical colleges in Nepal than engineering colleges.

  1. National Medical College – Birgunj Parsa
  2. Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital-Biratnagar
  3. Birat Medical College Teaching Hospital – Biratnagar
  4. Chitwan Medical College – Bharatpur -Chitwan
  5. College of Medical Science – Chitwan
  6. B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Science
  7. Institute of Medicine
  8. Janaki Medical College
  9. Devdaha Medical College
  10. Rapti Academy of Health Science
  11. Kathmandu Medical College
  12. Kathmandu University Medical College
  13. Manipal College of Medical Science
  14. Nepal Medical College
  15. KIST Medical College and Teaching Hospital
  16. Lumbini Medical College
  17. Nepalgunj Medical College
  18. Peoples Dental Colleges and Hospital
  19. Kantipur Dental College and Teaching Hospital and Research Hospital

Network Arch Bridge in Nepal

Two new network arch bridges are going to be constructed over Bagmati and Dhobikhola in Kathmandu. For the first time in Nepal, these state-of-art technology bridges have been planned over Bagmati River on the Maitighar-Tinkune road section and another over Dhobikhola at Bijuli Bazaar, Kathmandu.

(A computer model of network arch bridge.)

A network arch bridge is a tied arch bridge with inclined hangers that cross each other at least twice and is made from materials such as steel or reinforced concrete. The bridge does not need additional support or cables.

According to the Kathmandu Valley Road Expansion Project, the previous four-lane bridges would be replaced by the new bridge at the Maitighar-Tinkune eight-lane road section.
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Design of Steel Structure Lecture notes (pdf, free download)

I came across some free lecture notes for civil engineering students. These are hand-written notes. So, no copy-and-paste facilities.  I went through the notes to see what is inside and saw that it is good enough. I will add more lecture notes on the design of steel structure at the end of this post in coming days.

Design of Steel Structure (pdf)

Hand Written lecture notes on Design of Steel Structure

The design of steel structure lecture note is a hand written scanned copy. The quality of the scanned copy is not that good and because of inconsistent scanning, some of the pages might be harder to read than the others.

Contents of the lecture note

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NEA to organize Global Nepalese Engineers’ Meet 2015 in October

Nepal Engineers’ Association in collaboration with the National Planning Commission of the Government of Nepal is organizing a Nepalese Engineers’ meet on October 16 and October 16, 2015 in Kathmandu. The theme of the meet is “Build better Nepal: A Collaborative Approach”.

The registration deadline for the meet is Sepetember 30, 2015. Non-resident Nepali engineers should pay $150 for the participation while Nepali engineers pay Rs. 7,000 for individual participant or 10,000 for institutional participants.

Screen Shot 2015-08-14 at 3.48.20 AM

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NAST installs earthquake early warning system, warns a few seconds in advance

The Nepal government science and technology body, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) has installed an early warning system in its Khumaltar office. According to reports, the early warning system can inform the earthquake in 10-22 seconds in advance. The system relies on the travel of different types of earthquake waves.

Screen Shot 2015-06-24 at 11.46.43 PM


During earthquake two types of waves namely, P-wave and S-wave, are generated. While P-waves travel fast and are less damaging to structures, S-waves are more devastating. The warning system picks up P-waves and warn in advance about the upcoming damaging S-wave.

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What is an earthquake? A simple Illustration

Although many of us have experienced the scary and devastating earthquake of April 25, I have  found a lot of us don’t understand how shaking damages the buildings. To explain the concept of earthquake load, I have prepared some simple illustrations. I hope they make the concept of earthquake load clear to our readers.


Let me start by drawing a basic building. I know, buildings don’t look like this, but engineers see them like this skeleton. During  earthquake, buildings are damaged as if it is pushed by a load.


In reality, nobody pushes the building. It is actually the ground that is moving.

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Drop, Cover and Hold (DCH) disaster in Nepal Earthquake 2015

Almost everybody in the developed world suggests that ‘Drop Cover Hold’ (or Duck, Cover and Hold) is the best policy during an earthquake. A lot of NGOs and INGOs had suggested the techniques and taught it to the Nepali school children. The April 25 earthquake showed that the ‘Drop Cover Hold’ notion was wrong in Nepali contest, in a very disastrous way. A lot of corpses positioned in ‘Drop Cover Hold’ were found in the rubble after the earthquake. Many believe, a lot of those who died might have survived if they had run out instead of taking cover in the crumbling buildings.

What is Drop, Cover and Hold ?

In the event of an earthquake, people are instructed to ‘Drop’ down so that they don’t fall and take ‘Cover’ under something strong. People are asked to get under sturdy bed, desk or table to avoid falling objects. They are instructed to ‘Hold’ on something to keep themselves steady until the earthquake shaking stops. The person can get out to the open space after the shaking stops.

This method holds good if the building is constructed to deal with earthquake. Most of the structures in earthquake prone zones in the world are made earthquake resistant and they can hold on for a while, until the people escape after earthquake before falling down. That is why the method is widely publicized. Following are some of the official documents of different countries.

nz drop cover hold

Screenshot from –

drop cover hold canada

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Liquefaction in Kathmandu, Earthquake 2015 (photos)

After the April 25, 2015 earthquake, a lot of people have realized a very scary fact, a house can’t be made strong enough if the soil it rests is not strong. One of the signs of weak soil is liquefaction during earthquake. In the recent earthquake, we could observe liquefaction in different places in Kathmandu, causing a number of structure to settle and fail.

What is liquefaction?

Liquefaction is a process that occurs during an earthquake in which, soil particles are rearranged such that the water and air between the particles of soil is squeezed out. The pressure built in the water in the soil reaches such that the soil particles ‘float’ in the water and the soil behaves more like liquid than a solid. The water under pressure is squeezed out through cracks in the ground. The water usually brings out the silt and sand particles on the ground surface.

As a result of liquefaction, the ground surface can tilt or settle. The structure on the liquefied ground are usually damaged by tilting or sinking. Following illustration gives the overview of the liquefaction process.

liqufaction illustration

1. Illustration of the process of liquefaction.

After April 25 earthquake and after shocks that followed, water came out of the ground in some places, sand and gravel also came out in some places. These are the signs of liquefaction. This problem was most pronounced in Gongabu area, Balaju, New Bus Park, Machapokhari, and Goldhunga areas. In those areas, some buildings have tilted and others have sunken in the ground. Water and sand had also come out of the ground in Khumaltar area in Lalitpur and Kharipati area in Bhaktapur. Other places of high liquefaction potential are the areas near rivers like Balkhu, Manohara corridor, Bishnumati corridor, and Bagmati corridor.

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Manakaman Damage by April 25 Earthquake (live video)

The Manakamana Temple in Gorkha district was shaken by the earthquake of April 25, 2015. In a close-circuit video, the temple is seen shaking violently during the earthquake. Some of the walls of the temple were damaged although the temple didn’t fell down.

Watch the live video of earthquake in Manakamana temple:

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Approved Foreign Universities – Nepal Engineering Council’s Gaijatra

It is Gaijatra time in Nepal and at the time of the festival of satires and jokes, Nepal Engineering Council (NEC) has published a list of universities approved to work in Nepal. The list contain 41 universities from USA and 80 universities from Russia and 29 more universities in Russian Federation.

The number of universities approved are 510 universities from 38 countries. India has the most number of approved universities (137 universities) followed by Russia with 80 universities.

If you are a graduate from the world’s top institute according to Time’s University ranking, California Institute of Technology, you can’t work in Nepal unless NEC updates the list to include the institution in the list. In the top 100 universities list, US universities are more than half, way more than 41 approved universities. That means, the list gives a wrong impression that Nepal prefers Russian graduated rather than the graduates from the world’s top universities.

The full list of universities are as follows:

Nepal Approved universities  (1)

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